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Does Adding Class Descriptions to a Texas Will Create Class Gifts?

11Texas Trust Estate Planning


Adding class descriptions to a Texas will can create class gifts, which can be a great way to divide up your estate among your loved ones. However, it’s important to understand how this works before you make any decisions. In this blog post, we’ll take a look at how adding class descriptions to a Texas will can create class gifts. We’ll also discuss some of the pros and cons of this approach, so that you can make the best decision for your own estate planning needs.

What is a class description?

When you create a will in Texas, you have the option of adding class gifts to your estate plan. A class gift is a bequest that is given to a group of people, rather than an individual. You can use a class gift to leave money or property to your family, friends, or any other group that you choose.

To create a class gift, you will need to include a description of the class in your will. The description should include the names of all the members of the class, as well as how they are related to you. For example, you might describe your family as “my wife and children,” or “my siblings and their descendants.”

Class gifts can be an important part of your estate plan, because they can help you ensure that your assets are distributed according to your wishes. If you have specific instructions for how you want your assets to be divided among different groups of people, a class gift can help you achieve that goal.

If you are considering creating a class gift in your will, it is important to consult with an experienced estate planning attorney who can help you draft an effective and legally-binding document.

What are the benefits of adding class descriptions to a will?

If you are a resident of Texas and have decided to create a will, you may be wondering if adding class descriptions to your will can create class gifts. The answer is yes, adding class descriptions to your will can provide benefits for both you and your beneficiaries.

Some benefits of adding class descriptions to your will include:

1. You can specify how your assets should be distributed among different groups of people.

2. You can make sure that each beneficiary receives a share of the assets that is proportional to their need or importance to you.

3. You can change the distribution of assets among different classes of beneficiaries over time, as your circumstances or the needs of your beneficiaries change.

4. You can provide for contingencies in the event that some beneficiaries cannot be located or do not survive you.

5. Adding class descriptions to your will can simplify the probate process by providing clear instructions to the court regarding the distribution of your assets.

How does this work in Texas?

In order to create class gifts in a will in Texas, the testator must include specific language in the will that designates the gifts as such. Without this language, the gifts will be treated as individual gifts to each beneficiary. The testator can designate how the assets in each class are to be distributed among the beneficiaries in that class. For example, the testator could give all of the assets in one class to one beneficiary and divide the assets in another class equally among several beneficiaries.

Are there any drawbacks to doing this?

While adding class descriptions to a Texas will can create class gifts, there are some drawbacks to doing so. First, if the classes are not properly defined, it may be difficult to determine which assets belong to which class. Second, if the classes are not carefully considered, it is possible that some assets may end up in the wrong class. Finally, if the estate is not large enough to support all of the planned class gifts, some classes may receive nothing.

Probate Case Law

In Texas, the addition of class descriptions to a will does not create class gifts. This was made clear in a probate case law decision from the Texas Supreme Court. In that case, the court held that when a testator includes class descriptions in their will, it is presumed that they do not intend to make class gifts. This presumption can only be overcome if there is clear and convincing evidence to the contrary.

This decision is significant because it clarifies the law on class gifts in Texas. Prior to this decision, there was some confusion on whether or not adding class descriptions to a will created class gifts. This ruling makes it clear that testators who include class descriptions in their wills do not intend to make class gifts, unless there is evidence to the contrary.

Perry v. Hinshaw, 633 S.W.2d 503 (Tex. 1982)

Facts and Procedural History

When Lydia Hinshaw constructed her will, she left Hattie Peterson a life estate to the income from rental property. Once Peterson died, Lydia stated she wanted the rentals to be divided among her surviving brothers and sisters of her and her husband. She wanted one-half to go to her sister, Hattie Hohhof, and the other half to be divided equally among the others. Vera Perry is the sole survivor of the brothers and sisters. When Peterson passed away, John L. Wilson and Methe Wilson were her sole residuary legatees.

Vera sought judgment for fee simple to all the property since she is the last surviving sibling. She contends that Lydia’s will created a class gift to which she is the last of the class. The statement of the will she referred to was that the property is to be “divided among the surviving sisters and brothers of myself and my beloved husband.” The court disagreed and held that that was a general statement that is clarified by more specific disposition. The specific provisions control over the general statement. It stated that when specific beneficiaries are named and a class description is added, the class is only there for identification. Lydia also used the term “share and share alike, among the surviving brothers and sisters.” This term avoids any ambiguity and whenever a testator’s intent is clear, there is no need to look at rules of construction.

Therefore, Vera is entitled to an undivided one-half interest in the property and the remaining one-half lapses and is passed to the residuary legatee, Hattie Peterson, which then passes to John L. Wilson add Methe Wilson.

Main Rule

Does adding a class description to specific beneficiaries create a class gift?

No. The class is only there for identification purposes.


Perry v. Hinshaw shows that adding a class description after stating specific beneficiaries does not create a class gift.


Adding class descriptions to a Texas will does not create class gifts. The reason for this is because class gifts can only be created by adding a provision to the will specifically stating that the assets are to be divided into classes and distributed accordingly. Without such a provision, the assets will simply be distributed according to the terms of the will.

Do you need an Experienced Probate Attorney to help?

If you are considering adding class descriptions to your Texas will, you may wonder if you need an experienced probate attorney to help. The answer is maybe. While the process of adding class descriptions to a will is generally straightforward, there may be some complex legal issues involved in your particular situation.

For example, if you have a large estate or complex financial situation, you may need an attorney to help ensure that your assets are properly distributed according to your wishes. Additionally, if you have minor children, you’ll want to make sure that their interests are protected in your will.

An experienced probate attorney can advise you on whether or not adding class descriptions to your will is right for your situation and can help ensure that your wishes are carried out correctly. (281) 219-9090.

Texas Estates Code