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Legal Solutions When Caring for a Parent with Dementia in Texas

As our loved ones age, it is natural to worry about their physical and mental health. Dementia is common and something that many of us will have to contend with.

Caring for a parent with dementia can be an overwhelming experience. It requires patience, empathy, and understanding to navigate the challenges that come with this condition. Creating a supportive environment that promotes safety, comfort, and familiarity is crucial for the well-being of both the person with dementia and their caregiver.

When caring for a parent with dementia in Texas, these concerns can be even more difficult, especially when it comes to ensuring that their legal affairs are in order.

Fortunately, there are some legal solutions to help when caring for a parent with dementia. The legal solution often depends on the stage or progression of dementia.

What is the Difference Between Dementia and Alzheimers?

Dementia is a general term used to describe a decline in cognitive function that is severe enough to interfere with daily activities. It is a group of symptoms that can be caused by various conditions, including Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, Parkinson’s disease, and Lewy body dementia, among others.

Dementia can affect memory, thinking, language, judgment, and behavior, and it can be progressive and irreversible.

Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia, accounting for up to 70% of all cases. It is a progressive brain disorder that affects memory, thinking, and behavior.

Alzheimer’s disease is characterized by the accumulation of amyloid plaques and tau tangles in the brain, which lead to the death of brain cells and the shrinking of brain tissue. The symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease typically begin with mild memory loss and progress to more severe cognitive impairment and behavioral changes.

Understanding the Stages of Alzheimer’s Disease

Different Stages of Alzheimer’s Disease: Understanding the Progression

Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive disorder that affects the brain, leading to cognitive decline and memory loss. It is a degenerative disease that worsens over time, causing changes in behavior, thinking, and physical function.

The progression of Alzheimer’s disease can be divided into three different stages: mild, moderate, and severe.

Mild Stage

The mild stage of Alzheimer’s disease is often characterized by subtle changes in cognitive abilities. During this stage, individuals may experience difficulty remembering recent events or conversations. They may also struggle with problem-solving or decision-making tasks. In some cases, individuals may have trouble finding the right words to express themselves or have difficulty completing familiar tasks.

Moderate Stage

As Alzheimer’s disease progresses to the moderate stage, individuals may experience more significant changes in their cognitive abilities and behavior. During this stage, they may become confused about their surroundings or lose track of time. They may also begin to withdraw from social activities or exhibit mood swings and personality changes.

Severe Stage

In the severe stage of Alzheimer’s disease, individuals require around-the-clock care as their cognitive abilities continue to decline rapidly. During this stage, they may lose the ability to communicate verbally or recognize loved ones. They may also experience difficulty swallowing or develop other health complications.

Understanding the Different Stages of Alzheimer’s Disease

It is essential for caregivers to understand the different stages of Alzheimer’s disease so that they can anticipate changes in their loved one’s needs and plan for appropriate care and support.

During the mild stage of Alzheimer’s disease, caregivers can help their loved ones maintain independence by providing reminders for daily tasks such as taking medication or attending appointments. They can also encourage engagement in social activities and provide opportunities for mental stimulation through games or puzzles.

In the moderate stage of Alzheimer’s disease, caregivers should focus on creating a safe environment for their loved ones while still encouraging independence. This may involve installing safety features in the home, such as grab bars or non-slip flooring. Caregivers should also be prepared to provide emotional support and manage any behavioral changes that may arise.

In the severe stage of Alzheimer’s disease, caregivers must prioritize their loved one’s comfort and quality of life. This may involve working with healthcare professionals to manage symptoms and prevent complications. Caregivers should also ensure that their loved ones are receiving proper nutrition and hydration while providing emotional support through touch, music, or other sensory experiences.

Dementia is a condition that affects the ability to think, remember, and reason, and it can make managing finances and making health care decisions challenging. This can leave aging parents vulnerable and in need of support from their loved ones. However, when an aging parent with dementia is not willing to accept assistance, their family members may face significant legal challenges.

Here are some legal solutions that can help parents with dementia in Texas and their families.


A guardianship is a legal arrangement where a person is appointed by a court to make personal and/or financial decisions for someone who is incapacitated and unable to manage their own affairs.

A person may be considered incapacitated if they have a physical or mental condition that prevents them from making decisions about their own welfare. This may include individuals with developmental disabilities, mental illness, or those who have suffered a traumatic brain injury.

To establish a guardianship in Texas, an interested party must file a petition with the probate court. The court will then hold a hearing to determine whether the person is indeed incapacitated and if guardianship is necessary. If the court determines that guardianship is necessary, they will appoint a guardian who will be responsible for making decisions related to the person’s health care, living arrangements, and financial affairs.

Power of Attorney

A power of attorney is a legal document that allows an individual, known as the “principal,” to grant another person, known as the “agent,” the authority to act on their behalf in certain matters.

A power of attorney can be used to grant the agent the power to make decisions regarding the principal’s financial, legal, and medical affairs. The agent may be authorized to sign documents, make payments, and make healthcare decisions on behalf of the principal.

There are several different types of powers of attorney in Texas, including durable power of attorney, medical power of attorney, and statutory durable power of attorney.

A durable power of attorney is a type of power of attorney that remains in effect even if the principal becomes incapacitated. A medical power of attorney is a type of power of attorney that grants an agent the authority to make medical decisions on behalf of the principal. A statutory durable power of attorney is a standardized form that is recognized by law in Texas.

To create a power of attorney in Texas, the principal must be of sound mind and capable of understanding the nature of the document. The document must be signed by the principal in the presence of a notary public and at least two witnesses. The agent must also sign the document to acknowledge their responsibilities.

Tips for Caregivers and Families of People with Dementia

Caring for a loved one with dementia can be an overwhelming experience. It can be difficult to know where to start, what to do, and how to cope with the challenges that come along the way.

It’s important to remember that you’re not alone in this journey. There are many resources available, including support groups, online forums, and educational materials.

Tips for Family Members

As a family member of someone with dementia, it’s important to take care of your own physical and emotional health. This means getting enough rest, eating well, and finding time for activities you enjoy.

It’s also important to reach out to other family members for support. Consider joining a support group where you can connect with others who are going through similar experiences.

One of the biggest challenges when caring for someone with dementia is managing their behaviors. They may become agitated or confused easily, which can lead to frustration on both sides. To help reduce confusion and anxiety for your loved one with dementia, establish a routine and stick to it as much as possible.

Another helpful tip is to communicate clearly and simply using short sentences and avoiding complex language or concepts. Be patient when communicating with them because they may need extra time processing information or expressing themselves.

It’s also important not to argue or confront them if they become agitated or confused. Instead, try redirecting their attention by changing the subject or engaging in an activity they enjoy.

Tips for Caregivers

As a caregiver of someone with dementia, it’s crucial to establish boundaries between work life and personal life. Taking breaks throughout the day can help prevent burnout and allow you some time for self-care activities like exercise or hobbies.

It’s also essential not only to take care of your loved one but also yourself by seeking help from other family members or professional caregivers when needed. Don’t hesitate to ask for assistance when you need it.

Another important tip is to be flexible and adaptable. Dementia is a progressive disease, and your loved one’s abilities and behaviors may change over time. Being open to new strategies or approaches can help you better manage their care.

Many Families Face Similar Challenges

Remember that you’re not the only family dealing with dementia. Many families are going through similar experiences, and there are many resources available to help you navigate this journey.

Online forums and support groups can provide a sense of community and connection with others who understand what you’re going through. Educational materials can also help you better understand the disease, its progression, and how to best manage your loved one’s care.


Caring for an aging parent with dementia can be overwhelming. Seeking legal guidance from a Texas probate attorney can provide clarity and guidance on the legal options available to you in caring for your aging parent. The Houston probate law firm of Kreig LLC is here to assist you in this process.

Our Houston Probate Attorneys provide a full range of probate services to our clients. Affordable rates, fixed fees, and payment plans are available. We provide step-by-step instructions, guidance, checklists, and more for completing the probate process. We have years of combined experience we can use to support and guide you with probate and estate matters. Call us today for a FREE attorney consultation.


The content of this website is for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice. The information presented may not apply to your situation and should not be acted upon without consulting a qualified probate attorney. We encourage you to seek the advice of a competent attorney with any legal questions you may have.

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